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What Are The 4 Types Of Electric Cars?

Do you know how many types of electric cars exist? I think you all know it’s only one type.

What is an electric vehicle and how does it work?

An electric vehicle is a vehicle that is powered by electricity. The electricity is stored in a battery that can be charged from a power outlet.

Electric vehicles are a great alternative to conventional petrol-powered vehicles because they produce zero emissions and use less energy.

They have been around for over 100 years, but their popularity has been increasing as the world’s population becomes more aware of the harmful effects of fossil fuels on the environment.

so what are the 4 types of electric vehicles ?

electric vehicles are with the following outline

  1. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
  2. Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) 
  3. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
  4. Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)

#1.The first type : Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)


How do this type of electric vehicles  work ?

vehicles ( EVs) do not have an internal combustion engine but an electric motor. The vehicle uses a large range of traction batteries to drive the electric motor and must be connected to a wall outlet or charging station. Because it runs on electricity, the vehicle does not blow exhaust from an exhaust pipe and does not contain typical components of liquid fuel such as a fuel pump, fuel line or fuel tank  

Shipping equipment

Electric vehicle charging equipment that includes Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) and Electric Vehicles (EV) is classified according to the battery charge rate.   Charging times vary depending on the battery’s depletion level, the amount of power you hold, the type of battery, and the type of charging equipment. Charging time can range from less than 20 minutes to 20 hours or more, depending on these factors.   Charging the growing number of SUVs requires a robot network of terminals for both consumers and fleets.    

The main components of  the  Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Battery (Fully electric auxiliary)

In an electric motor vehicle, the extra battery provides electricity to power all the vehicle accessories.  

Charging port

The charging port allows the vehicle to connect to an external power source to charge the traction battery pack.  

DC / DC Converter

This device converts high-voltage DC power from the traction battery pack to the low-voltage DC power needed to power the vehicle accessories and recharges the additional battery.  

Electric traction motor

This motor uses energy from the traction battery group, and it drives the wheels of the car. Some vehicles use engine generators that perform both driving and refurbishment functions.

Built-in charger

It absorbs the obtained AC electricity through the charging port and converts it to DC power for charging the traction battery. It tracks the characteristics of batteries such as voltage, current, temperature, and charging status when charging the packet.

Control using energy electronics

This unit manages the flow of electrical energy provided by the traction battery and controls the speed of the electric traction motor and the torque it produces.    

Thermoelectric System

This system maintains an appropriate operating temperature range for the motor, electric motor, power electronics, and other components.  

Traction battery pack

stores electricity for use by the electric traction motor.  

Transmission (electric)

The transmission transmits mechanical energy from the traction motor electrode for driving wheels.

#2. Second type : Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVS) 

the hybrid electric vehicle is a vehicle that uses at least two different energy sources to move. Generally, a hybrid car is a car that uses fuel and electricity to move by means of two engines: one thermal, the other electric.   From a certain point of view, hydrogen vehicles can be considered as hybrid vehicles. They use the hydrogen from their fuel cells as a source of chemical energy to power a battery and an electric motor.  

Hybrid electric vehicles  vs plug-in hybrid electric vehicles 

 what are the differences?

  A hybrid vehicle combines an internal combustion engine, petrol, or Diesel, with one or more electrical blocks, located on the front axle and/or on the rear axle. It can be rechargeable or non-rechargeable, the two categories differing on many points (technology, price, use, sales volume).  

The electric range of a non-rechargeable hybrid vehicle is limited to a few kilometers of city driving. With a low capacity, around 1 kWh, its battery is generally recharged thanks to the heat engine and a device for recovering kinetic energy when braking. Conversely, the larger battery capacity of a plug-in hybrid vehicle around 10 kWh, give it a range often between 20 and 60 km and a top speed of around 120 km / h. It is only when these values ​​are exceeded that the internal combustion engine takes over, knowing that charging is similar to that of an electric vehicle, through a household outlet or a charging station.  

Environmental benefits of  plug in  hybrid vehicles

Hybrid vehicles, in particular plug-in hybrids, therefore have the particularity of taking advantage of the autonomy and fuel distribution network of conventional vehicles while emitting less CO2 and pollutants or even dispensing with fuel occasionally.   Engine hybridization is therefore part of the solution to the transition to clean vehicles that are independent of fossil fuels.

#3 . the third type : Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

The BEV is a new kind of electric vehicle that can be charged in minutes and can be used for short trips. The BEV is the first and only electric car that uses an innovative battery system that can charge up to five times faster than any other electric vehicle on the market today.

A BEV is a type of electric vehicle that has been around since the early 1900s, but it has only recently come back into public interest as people become more aware of environmental issues and as technology improves. The first BEVs were made by General Motors, but they were never able to produce them at a large enough scale to make them profitable. Nowadays, however, there are many different companies producing BEVs and they are cheaper than ever before.

#4.the forth type :  Fuel Cell electric vehicles

Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are powered by an electric motor and are therefore classified as e-vehicles. The common abbreviation is FCEV, short for “Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle,” in contrast to a BEV or “Battery Electric Vehicle.”   There is one crucial difference between hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and other electric vehicles – hydrogen vehicles produce the electricity themselves. So, unlike in fully electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles, the vehicle doesn’t get its power from a built-in battery that can be charged from an external power source. Instead, hydrogen vehicles effectively have their own efficient power plant onboard: the fuel cell.

Advantages of Fuel cell vehicles

Alternative propulsion systems are planned to minimize pollutant emissions, especially climate-harming CO2, but also other noxious gases like nitrous oxide. A hydrogen fuel exhaust gas consists of pure water vapor. Therefore, hydrogen fuel cell technology is emission-free locally, which means keeping the air clean in cities   Production of hydrogen requires electric energy. This electrical energy is used by the electrolysis cycle to break down water into its constituent elements, hydrogen, and oxygen. If the electricity used comes from renewable energy sources, there is a neutral carbon footprint to hydrogen production.
In comparison, if fossil fuels are used, this would potentially have a knock-on impact on the fuel cell vehicles’ carbon footprint using hydrogen. How big the effect is depending on the mix of energy used. Hydrogen-fuel cell vehicles are no different than other hybrid vehicles in this regard.  

One Challenge; Producing hydrogen

  Hydrogen production means losses during electrolysis. Therefore the total output in the energy chain power to vehicle drive is just half the amount of a BEV. Hydrogen can be emitted at times when electricity from renewable sources is over-supplied when the wind or solar energy currently generated is not otherwise used. The scope for that is immense.    

Just as a variety of technologies are available in conventional vehicles, electric vehicles have different capabilities that can accommodate different drivers’ needs. A major advantage of EVs is that drivers can hook them up to charge from an external electrical power source. This distinguishes it from hybrid electric vehicles, which are integrated with the internal combustion engine with battery power but cannot be connected to a power source.

EVs (also known as conductive electric vehicles) derive all or a portion of their energy from the electricity provided by the electrical grid. They include (AEVs) all-electric vehicles and (PHEVs) plug-in hybrid electric.

The main diffrences between AEVS and PHEVS 

1- AEVs

Includes Battery Electric Vehicles ( BEVs) and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs).

In addition to being charged from the electrical grid, both types are partially charged via regenerative braking which generates electricity from some of the energy normally lost upon braking. The type of vehicle that suits your lifestyle depends on your needs and driving habits. Learn about the BEVs and PHEVs that are available to suit your needs.

All-Electric Vehicles (AEVs) run on electricity only. Most of them have electric ranges of 80 to 100 miles, while a few luxury models range up to 250 miles. And when the battery is exhausted, it can take from 30 minutes (with fast charging) to almost a full day (with level 1 charging) to recharge, depending on the type of charger and battery.

If this range is not sufficient, PHEVs may be a better option.

2- PHEVs

PHEVs run on electricity for shorter ranges (6 to 40 miles), then switch to a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine when the battery runs out. The flexibility of PHEVs allows drivers to use as much electricity as possible while also being able to fill in gasoline if needed. Running the vehicle with electricity from the grid reduces fuel costs, reduces oil consumption, and reduces exhaust emissions compared to conventional vehicles. And when driving distances are longer than the fully electric range, PHEVs operate like hybrid electric vehicles, consume less fuel, and produce fewer emissions than comparable conventional vehicles.

Depending on the model, the internal combustion engine may also start the vehicle at other times, such as during acceleration or when using heating or air conditioning. PHEVs can also use hydrogen in a fuel cell, biofuel, or other alternative fuels as backup instead of gasoline.

Following some best practices can help you maximize your entire electric range and vehicle efficiency whether you have an AEV or a PHEV.

AEVs are powered by one or more electric motors. They receive electricity by connecting it to the network and storing it in batteries. They do not consume petroleum-based fuel and do not produce exhaust emissions. AEVs include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).

PHEVs use batteries to power an electric motor, connect them to the electrical grid for charging, and use petroleum or alternative fuels to power the internal combustion engine. Some PHEVs are also called extended-range electric vehicles (EREVs).

 The Advantages of Electric Vehicles

  • The advantages of electric vehicles are numerous.
  • They are cheaper to maintain,
  • they have fewer moving parts, they don’t require oil changes, and they are more environmentally friendly.

If you want to learn more about the benefits of electric vehicles, keep reading.

Disadvantages of electric vehicles

  • Electric vehicles are not as reliable as gas-powered cars.
  • They require a lot of maintenance and they are less powerful than gas-powered cars.
  • In order to make electric vehicles more reliable, manufacturers need to make them more durable and easier to maintain.
  • The batteries powering them often take a long time to charge and the range of these cars is limited.

list of  Top 10 All-New Electric vehicles That Will Hit The Roads in 2022

  1.  Audi e-Tron Sportback
  2. Tesla Model Y
  3. Ford Mustang Mach E
  4. Rivian R1T
  5. BMW iX3
  6. Polestar 2
  7. Porsche Taycan
  8. Volkswagen ID 3
  9. Mini Cooper SE  
  10. Peugeot e-208
How Much Does Tesla vehicle Cost?
types of electric cars
Photo by Craig Adderley on Pexels.com

Below are the manufacturer s suggested retail price (MSRP) for several of the leading electric vehicles in the market and their different models.

VehicleModelLong-range Performance
TeslaS $81,190 $101,190
Tesla3$50,190$58,190
TeslaX$86,190$106,190
what to Consider when Buying an Electric Vehicle?

Buying an electric vehicle is a big decision, and it’s important to consider what you need before jumping in.

  • Do you want a car that can charge at home?
  • One that has the longest range? One with the most comfortable seats?
  • Below are some things to think about when buying an electric vehicle.
  • Do I have access to charging at home?
  • Do I want a car with the longest range ?
  • What kind of driving do I do most often?
  • Do I care about comfort while driving or just efficiency?

SourceHow Much Is an Electric vehicle

Are electric cars better for the environment?

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