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what are the 17 goals of sustainable development?

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What are the 17 goals of sustainable development? A question I’ve always asked, and an issue I’ve known to cause a great deal of confusion and ambiguity. The theme of sustainable development goals has created a wide debate among experts and even among public opinion. We will therefore learn in this article about the goals set by the United Nations Sustainable Development Agenda worldwide.

Definition of sustainable development


It is a comprehensive, far-reaching plan with objectives for achieving overall progress in all areas, namely, the management and protection of natural resources, and guiding technological and institutional progress to ensure that the human needs of present and future generations are met. The main objectives of sustainable development are environmental, land and water protection, poverty eradication and human well-being, plant and animal sources, and are economically, technically and socially appropriate.

Dimensions of sustainable development

In order to reach full sustainable development goals, five basic pillars must be relied upon:
Capital: Prudent overall economic planning and financial management, which is an important aspect of achieving sustainable development goals.
Property in-kind guarantees ownership of infrastructure from ports, power plants, roads, and buildings. In the context of the implementation of sustainable development goals.
Human resources must be characterized by health, quality education, and poverty eradication in human beings to achieve sustainable development goals.


Social assets include people’s craftsmanship and abilities, institutions, public relations, customs, and traditions. Which is the efficiency and quantity of social interaction.
Natural wealth: natural resources and environmental services that provide life requirements including eating, drinking, and energy

Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Sustainable Development Goals were established by announcing the 2015 report, and the international community affirmed its commitment to the United Nations Sustainable Development Agenda and its new goals. Through this scale, 193 Member States have pledged to ensure inclusive economic growth, implement social integration, protect the environment, promote security and peace and eradicate poverty and hunger, through a sustainable global partnership by 2030.


For the United Nations and other countries, the 2030 agenda is the most ambitious and comprehensive plan yet to eradicate extreme poverty, reduce inequality and protect the planet. This table marks the culmination of more than four decades between the past and current millennium of multilateral dialogue on moving forward to address all challenges, and as a result of these negotiations, common objectives have been adopted. The responsibility for implementing the objectives of the scale lies with national Governments.

Table 5 contains the basic principles of sustainable development



Global: Because it has a global scope and is committed by all countries to contribute to the achievement of sustainable development goals, it is applicable in all countries, in different circumstances, and over time.
It seeks to benefit all nations and reach out to all those in need, the disadvantaged, and wherever they may be to achieve the goals of sustainable development.
Coherence and indivisibility. This table is based on the nature of its interrelated set of objectives. All entities responsible for implementing sustainable development goals must work comprehensively on them rather than selecting targets according to their identity.
Inclusion: The table calls for the participation of all sectors of society, regardless of gender, race, identity, religious values, to contribute to the implementation of sustainable development goals.
The partnership among multiple stakeholders involves sharing expertise, knowledge, and technology and investing in financial resources also to support the achievement of sustainable development goals and targets in all States * 3.
Sustainable Development Goals according to the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030 (goals).

Seventeen sustainable development goals have the line of the 2030 sustainable development agenda of the global agenda pursued by a large number of countries in the world.

The sustainable development goals are:

  1. The first objective is to combat poverty. One of the main objectives of development is to eradicate all forms of poverty everywhere.
  2. The second objective is to eradicate hunger, achieve domestic food security and good nutrition, and promote sustainable agricultural output.
  3. The third objective is good health and well-being: ensure that societies enjoy healthy lifestyles and make life more prosperous at all ages.
  4. The fourth objective is quality education: to ensure quality education that is equitable and inclusive; to promote educational opportunities, especially in developing countries; and to end illiteracy.
  5. Goal 5 Gender equality: Achieve gender equality and empower the role of all women and girls in societies.
  6. Goal 6. Clean water and sanitation: Ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation services throughout the planet.
  7. Goal 7. Clean energy at affordable prices: universal access to reliable and sustainable renewable energy services.
  8. Goal 8. Decent work and economic growth: promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth and provide decent work for all human beings.
  9. Industry, innovation, and infrastructure: building sustainable infrastructure, promoting sustainable industrialization, and stimulating innovation.
  10. Reducing inequality: reducing inequality within and among countries, and ensuring the rights of individuals to achieve a just world.
  11. Making cities and human settlements inclusive, sustainable and safe for all.
  12. Consumption and responsible production: Significantly rationalize consumption while ensuring sustainable production patterns.
  13. Climate action: Take broad action to address climate change and its impacts, while trying to improve climate reality in general.
  14. Underwater life: conservation and rational use of water resources, seas, and oceans.
  15. Wildlife: Protecting and restoring wildlife ecosystems through sustainable use of wildlife resources; managing forests and combating desertification; and seeking to end land degradation.
  16. Peace, justice and strong institutions: establish peaceful and marginalized societies; provide universal access to justice; and build effective and accountable institutions at all levels.
  17. Partnerships for Goals: promoting efforts consistent with the means of implementation. as well as revitalizing the global partnership to improve the means to achieve sustainable development.

Relationship of sustainable development goals to renewable energies

Relationship of sustainable development goals to renewable energies
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The trend towards sustainable development goals in the conservation of natural resources meant that limited resources were taken into account and the environment was not polluted. Renewable energies were the hope and future of energy production to ensure the objectives of the sustainable development process. Efforts under renewable energy to achieve comprehensive sustainable development with interrelated objectives are found in the following dimensions:
The environmental dimension of sustainable development and its association with the economy and society: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Sustainable Development is the beginning of an important phase of international cooperation based on the recognition of the need to integrate environment and sustainable development, which requires that the economic and social development needs of present generations be met, taking into account the right of future generations to sustainable development.


The fight against poverty aims to provide sustainable living conditions for people in poor places and to introduce global standards for the management and preservation of available resources.
In the area of combating consumption patterns, by promoting sound production and consumption patterns while preserving the environment, enabling energy efficiency and available resources, and helping families to rationalize their purchasing decisions in a better way.
In the area of sustainable human settlements development, by providing techniques and solutions to improve energy efficiency, develop renewable energy technologies, and reduce environmental pollution from traditional energy production. *5

Differences between sustainable development goals and the Millennium Development Goals.

Differences between sustainable development goals and the Millennium Development Goals.

The Millennium Goals, together with the goals of sustainable development, are the common global plans of the nations of the world and of all the Latin actors, emanating from the United Nations and emanating from the General Charter of the United Nations and the human rights system, but differ in language, content, and mechanism.


In terms of drafting, the Millennium Development Goals have been developed with little opportunity for the Member States to contribute, and the development of 2030 targets is more comprehensive, with the Member States and various stakeholders actively participating in the presentation of their views and the determination of sustainable development goals.
The Millennium Development Goals were unique and applied only to developing countries like the Arab States. The goals of sustainable development were universal, applied to all countries, and applied to all.

Moreover, sustainable development goals are broader than the Millennium Development Goals. They encompass many issues and a wider network of people.
Sustainable development goals also extend beyond economic and social rights, with sustainable development goals focusing on human rights and including issues relating to government, democracy, security, and the rule of law, as well as the environment, society in general, and the individual in particular. On the one hand, the Millennium Development Goals have dealt narrowly with social and economic affairs.

Sustainable development goals also move from the ambition of eradicating extreme poverty, a Millennium Development Goal, to eradicating poverty in all its forms at the global level.
We, therefore, conclude that the global goals and targets for comprehensive and sustainable development apply to all countries, while the Millennium Development Goals were reserved for action in developing countries only. *6

Reaching sustainable development goals is the greatest step towards a secure future at all levels of development for the benefit of humanity. Turning our world into a new world does not witness today’s challenges and difficulties. Initiatives and efforts must therefore be intensified and the 17 goals must be fully adhered to achieve the goals of sustainable development.

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