PV energy History
Solar energy has been used in various ways since the 7th century BC, when the rays were greatest Solar and used to create fire; And in the third century BC, the Greeks and Romans used it As scouts for religious purposes. While in burning mirrors, “” mirrors are burning
Reflective properties of the metal (Archimedes) II BC Archimedes used Where (Syracuse) brass to set fire to Roman ships attacking Syracuse. The Roman fleet burned down in the war of 212 BC by concentrating radiation Sun on enemy ships by hundreds of metal shields.
The picture below shows the cover of the Latin version of Ibn Al-Haytham’s book the scenes, which show how Archimedes
burned the ships of the Romans when they attacked Syracuse with concave mirrors.
|Archimedes’ image and view of how Archimedes burned the Roman ships
And in the Babylonian era, women priests used gold and polished vessels like mirrors to focus radiation and the solar Chernhos to get the shot. As scholars like Chernhouse
Ericsson, Mochoc, Lavoisier, and Suez and others, using solar energy to smelt materials and cook (Harding) and Harding and generating water vapor, the distillation of water, and heating the air.
All primary uses of solar energy focused on heat and passive solar design Passive Solar cover all doors and windows to make the most. (Passive Solar) From the heat in the buildings, to take advantage of it at night.
(Solar Collector “In 1474 the first” solar collector cell “was conceptualized
(Horace in the world and constructed by the Swiss scientist Horace de Suisse Cell)
and it was described as a separate box, Benedict de Saussure. With holes and three layers of glass, the cell works to maximize the sun’s heat to a temperature It exceeds 212 degrees Fahrenheit and has been used in many ways.
Evolution of the history of photovoltaic energy
Photovoltaic technology began more than 172 years ago when the initial fundamentals began to be discovered For this science in 1839, but the pace of progress accelerated in the twentieth century.
In 1839 metallic electrodes placed in electrolytes were experimented with Alexander, with the knowledge of French physicist Alexander Edmond Becquerel (Electrolyte)19-year-old (who was called Edmond Becquerel) Photovoltaic, where he observed the physical phenomenon that allowed a transformation Light into electricity.
In 1861 the French scientist Augustin Mouchot
in Egypt invented the world’s first steam engine fully powered by energy Solar.