Just as a variety of technologies are available in conventional vehicles, electric vehicles have different capabilities that can accommodate different drivers’ needs. A major advantage of EVs is that drivers can hook them up to charge from an external electrical power source. This distinguishes it from hybrid electric cars, which are integrated with the internal combustion engine with battery power but cannot be connected to a power source.
EVs (also known as conductive electric vehicles) derive all or a portion of their energy from the electricity provided by the electrical grid. They include (AEVs) all-electric vehicles and (PHEVs) plug-in hybrid electric
Includes Battery Electric Vehicles ( BEVs) and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs).
In addition to being charged from the electrical grid, both types are partially charged via regenerative braking which generates electricity from some of the energy normally lost upon braking. The type of vehicle that suits your lifestyle depends on your needs and driving habits. Learn about the BEVs and PHEVs that are available to suit your needs.
All-Electric Vehicles (AEVs) run on electricity only. Most of them have electric ranges of 80 to 100 miles, while a few luxury models range up to 250 miles. And when the battery is exhausted, it can take from 30 minutes (with fast charging) to almost a full day (with level 1 charging) to recharge, depending on the type of charger and battery.
If this range is not sufficient, PHEVs may be a better option.
PHEVs run on electricity for shorter ranges (6 to 40 miles), then switch to a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine when the battery runs out. The flexibility of PHEVs allows drivers to use as much electricity as possible while also being able to fill in gasoline if needed. Running the car with electricity from the grid reduces fuel costs, reduces oil consumption, and reduces exhaust emissions compared to conventional vehicles. And when driving distances are longer than the fully electric range, PHEVs operate like hybrid electric vehicles, consume less fuel, and produce fewer emissions than comparable conventional vehicles.
Depending on the model, the internal combustion engine may also start the vehicle at other times, such as during acceleration or when using heating or air conditioning. PHEVs can also use hydrogen in a fuel cell, biofuel, or other alternative fuels as backup instead of gasoline.
Following some best practices can help you maximize your entire electric range and vehicle efficiency whether you have an AEV or a PHEV.
AEVs are powered by one or more electric motors. They receive electricity by connecting it to the network and storing it in batteries. They do not consume petroleum-based fuel and do not produce exhaust emissions. AEVs include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).
PHEVs use batteries to power an electric motor, connect them to the electrical grid for charging and use petroleum or alternative fuels to power the internal combustion engine. Some PHEVs are also called extended-range electric vehicles (EREVs).
How Much Does Tesla Car Cost?
Below are the manufacturer’s suggested retail price (MSRP) for several of the leading electric vehicles in the market and their different models:
Source: How Much Is an Electric Car?
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