What are the Main anemometer measures ?

 Anemometer Measures

Wind speed and direction are One of the  anemometer measures that you need to know if  you have a  wind turbine . the anemometer also called wind meter usually shows or display the value of wind speed (m/s ) , temperature , air flow measurment ( cfm/cmm ) , and pression  depends on the type of the anemometer .

How can I use an anemometer to measure wind speed by myself ?

If you want to measure wind speed, you can either buy an anemometer   and a data logger and interpret the data yourself, or hire a consultant or installer to do it for you. The larger the potential investment, the more likely it will be worth it to hire an experienced third party to do this work for you.

What is wind energy ?

Wind energy is produced from the strength of the wind, thanks to a wind turbine (wind generator), which transforms mechanical energy from the wind to electrical energy. In practice, the wind rotatesblades attached to a rotor, which actuates a generator placed in top of the mast.

What is a home wind turbine ?


Domestic wind turbines , also known as residential  , has a power range of a few hundred Watts to 20 kilowatts, with a maximum surface area of 200 m2. However, the tiny wind turbine is characterized by its applications.Its goal is to produce locally for local consumption. It is appropriate for those who want to install a wind generator on their property.The majority of household wind turbines are horizontal, with two or three pales that function in the same way as a big wind generator. Wind speed, rotor performance, and the surface swept by the pale all influence production.

What is an anemometer?

An anemometer in simple [come from the term Greek: Anemos which means wind ] is a device that measures wind speed. Anemometers come in a variety of shapes and sizes, as well as various types of units. You will discover some facts in the following text that will assist you in making an anemometer purchase decision. 
Instead of cups, ultrasonic sonic waves can be used in annemometer.Handheld anemometers with an integrated impeller for measuring wind speed are also available. However, because they can only offer intermittent data, they aren’t suited for determining if a site has enough wind for a turbine.

Anemometers uses 

The anemometer’s function is to determine the average, minimum, and maximum wind speeds as well as the amount of turbulence present at the location. When two anemometers are mounted on the same mast at various heights, this offers extra information on wind shear, or the difference in wind speed at different heights.
They can also offer information on the severity of any wind turbulence at the location.You’ll also need to determine the direction of the wind. A separate weathervane (also known as a wind vane) can be used for this.
Although certain anemometers, such as the Power Predictor and Pro, feature a direction indication,
Below is a reference to an anemometer. Wind direction monitors can be integrated into ultrasonic devices, although they are more costly.
A meteorological mast, or met mast for short, is a combination of a pole, anemometer, and wind vane equipment.A data logger collects data on wind speed and direction, which may then be analyzed using software. The wind data must also be compared to data from a nearby Met Office weather station to ensure accuracy.Professional data recorders not only detect wind speeds, but also do real-time computations using the data at regular intervals, often 10 minutes. The average and maximum wind speeds for the specified timeframe are factored into these calculations.

how does the anemometer work ?

Cups are linked to arms in a horizontal position on an anemometer. When the breeze blows, the anemometer’s cups turn, causing the rod to revolve. When the wind picks up, the rod will turn swiftly. The wind speed is calculated using the number of rotations calculated by this device. Because the cooling rate is governed by the airflow speed, it can be argued that the air stream will cool a hot item. 

what is the application of anemometer ?

-In aerodynamics, measuring airspeed (m/s)
-When skydiving, calculating wind speed (m/s ) . 
The wind speed in skydiving is calculated for pilots.
-Wind speed calculation for the drones
-It’s a device that’s used to determine which way the wind is blowing.
-A wind gauge is a device that measures wind pressure and flow.
-Weather stations in different parts of the world.

Type of anemometers 

There are a variety of anemometer types available for monitoring wind and air velocity directly. Vane Anemometers, Thermal Anemometers, Thermal Anemometers with Velocity / Temperature Profiling, and Cup Anemometers are the four most prevalent anemometer types. Constant-temperature and constant-power anemometers are the most common types of anemometers.

Cup Anemometre
Cup Anemometre


1.Cup Anemometers 

The cup anemometer is a basic form of anemometer. It was made up of three or four hemispherical cups, each fixed on one end of horizontal arms, which were then installed on a vertical shaft at right angles to each other. The wind speed was related to the amount of air that flowed through the cups in any horizontal direction. As a result, the average wind speed over a wide range of speeds was calculated by counting the spins of the cups during a specified time period.

2.Thermal Anemometers with Velocity/Temperature Profiling


The smallest sensor available in thermal anemometer profiling systems. Both velocity and temperature are measured by the sensors. The user may profile flow parameters in the program and examine the data graphically using the multi-point data-logging system. These are frequently used in wind tunnels to analyze circuit boards and heat sinks.

3.Vane Anemometers 

Vane and propeller anemometers are two different types of rotating mechanical velocity anemometers. The axis of rotation on this type of anemometer must be parallel to the wind direction and therefore generally horizontal. In wide regions, the wind changes direction, and the axis must adjust to keep up. Wind vanes, also known as air meters, are used in situations where the direction of air motion is constantly the same, such as ventilation shafts of mines and buildings. They provide excellent results.Additional features such as temperature, humidity, and dew point readings, volumetric conversion, and data logging are provided on vane anemometers.

  Anemometers for wind turbines (sophisticated model ) 

Now After i  cited some types  of anemometers and doing some researches i have foudnd that PCE   Anemometrs are the top items  so just check to find  wht you are looking for, if  you have any question  just contact them and i m pretty sure you will get the right  answer  .


I. PCE Instruments 

Crane Anemometer PCE-WSAC 50W 230

The PCE-WSAC 50W anemometer is designed to measure and monitor wind loads on cranes and wind turbines. Furthermore, before activating a wind turbine, the wind situation may be observed and studied. Stormy gusts may also be tracked thanks to the anemometer’s high measurement range of up to 50 m/s.

Feautures 

  • – Up to 180 km/h measuring range – Pulse, analogue (4… 20 mA) or radio transmission input
  • – 4…20-mA analog output – 24V DC supply voltage
  • – Ambient temperature range: -20°C to 70°C / -4°F to 158°F – units: km/h, mph, m/s
  • Measuring Instruments / Test Meters / Anemometers / Anemometers for All Applications 

II.Gill Instruments 

1.WindOserver 75 

This anemometer has a very high wind speed range of 0 – 75 m/s (0-168 mph) and offers an output status showing the authenticity of data, so you can be certain that the instrument is delivering reliable information, thanks to its unique transducer design. A rat with an IP66 rating.

WindMaster 3D Sonic Anemometer


Wind speeds of 0-50m/s (0-100mph) will be monitored using the WindMaster 3D sonic anemometer, which will provide digital outputs for U, V, and W vectors. Standard outputs for Sound Speed and Sonic Temperature are provided.
WindMaster is made of aluminum and carbon fiber and comes in two different data output rates: 20Hz and 32Hz. Optional analogue inputs and outputs with 12 or 14 bit resolution are available.

It is critical to estimate the quantity of wind available over a lengthy period of time before constructing a wind farm. Sites for wind turbines are almost generaly  financed on the basis of a return on investment, which necessitates a lot of data on how much wind will be available all year. 

Errors in this forecast can have a significant impact on the quantity of power generated and the investment’s profitability. To collect data, large towers with multiple anemometers set at various heights are frequently built. It’s critical to choose the right anemometers at this point since the survey’s data must be precise and thorough in order to correctly assess the location

What is the best place to get an anemometer?

There are a variety of caompanies that produce and sell anemometers, ranging from portable models to those with an international calibration certificate, if you wish to measure the wind speed yourself.

Tips on installing an  anemometers ( wind meters ) 

When looking for a place for a wind turbine, keep in mind the space requirements for producing wind power efficiently. To minimize turbulence, the turbine must be at least 30 feet above any obstacles. Trees, houses, and any element of the natural terrain where the turbine will be installed are examples of obstructions. Furthermore, there must be no houses within a 100-foot radius of where the turbine pole is located.


There are several different types of anemometers to select from when evaluating a location for your renewable energy project. When positioning your anemometer, bear in mind that things like tree height and other natural or artificial items might obstruct wind flow, reducing your capacity to create energy.
When installing your wind meter for site evaluation, make sure it’s as near as you can  to the installed system . Furthermore, positioning the gadget at the correct height will offer the most accurate reading for assessing prospective energy production options.

Tips on Buying an Anemometer

Before you buy an anemometreIf you are planning to build a wind farm, it will indeed be an economic disaster if you employ an anemometer that measures wind speeds with a 10% error. If so, you risk relying on an energy content of the wind that is 33% higher than the actual content.Also, if you need to recalculate your measurements for a different hub height (ranging, from 10 to 50m in height), you can even multiply that error by a factor of 1.3. So you will end up having made a calculation error of 75%!


It is possible to buy for around 700-900 EUR / USD a professional and well-calibrated anemometer with a measurement error of only 1%. This amount is negligible compared to the potential risk of making an economically disastrous measurement error. It stands to reason that you cannot always rely on the price as an indicator of the quality of the anemometer. Before purchasing an anemometer, therefore, preferably consult a wind energy research institute.
Note: The anemometer placed at the top of the nacelle is normally only used to determine if the wind is blowing hard enough or not to make it worthwhile to start the wind turbine.


After 


Anemometers come in a variety of designs and equipment configurations. You can discover some models  on daily store  following article  that will help you make an informed decision when purchasing an anemometer.
To begin, the application should be defined in order to create the best anemometer selection. The design and measurement principle are the most important considerations when choosing an anemometer. Thermal anemometers are frequently employed for precise readings of modest wind speeds. An electrical resistance with a specified current and a constant voltage is heated in a thermal anemometer, also known as a hot wire anemometer. This resistor cools down as wind passes over the sensor element of the anemometer. It is possible to determine the resistance at a given flow velocity by monitoring the electrical variables of current and voltage.

Anemometer measures Freequently asked questions 

Is it necessary to obtain planning approval in order to erect a met mast?


Before erecting a met mast, check with your local planning authorities to see if you need to submit a formal application for planning approval.

how do you calculate wind speed with an anemomete ?

The simple method is by  using Wind Speed Prediction Tools as a first step. When you enter your postcode and the sort of place you reside in, these tools calculate an expected wind speed. It also allows you to rapidly determine whether the wind at a certain location is strong enough to merit additional study.

What is the required wind speed for instaling a home wind turbine ?


Wind speeds of less than 5m/s are unlikely to give a cost-effective means of producing energy with present technologies, thus we do not advocate building a household small scale wind turbine in these regions.


If the Wind Speed Prediction Tool forecasts a wind speed of five meters per second  (5 m/s)  or higher at the specified site, and the project still appears viable, the next step is to verify the wind speed predictions with an anemometer or wind gauge. This should be done for at least three months, preferably twelve months or more. Because wind speed changes by season, you’ll need to add a seasonal adjustment factor if you’re measuring wind speeds for fewer than six months.

What is diffrence between Hot Wire and Vane Anemometer?

Hot wire and vane anemometers are the two types of anemometers. The hot wire anemometer is ideal for monitoring air flow at low velocities (less than 2000 feet per minute). Some versions are intended to monitor velocities as high as 15,000 ft/min while maintaining a high level of accuracy at considerably lower speeds. The vane anemometer measures air velocity using a spinning impeller. For measuring wind speed, vane anemometers are the best option. To suit a wide range of applications, many offer user selectable units of measure: ft/min, m/s, MPH, km/h, and knots. A thermoanemometer is a type of hot wire or vane anemometer that also measures air temperature.

Hygro-thermometer anemometers combine the functions of a thermometer and a humidity sensor to provide customers with comprehensive environmental data. The purpose of a data recording anemometer is to save measurements for later study. Some will save documented air velocity measurements to your computer for further viewing, graphing, and analysis.

what measures wind direction ?

Wind vanes and anemometers both measure wind speed and direction. The front of a conventional wind vane has a pointer, while the back has fins. The wind vane points into the wind while the wind is blowing. A typical instrument for measuring wind speed is a cup anemometer.

does an anemometer measure humidity ?

Additional features such as temperature, humidity, and dew point readings, volumetric conversion, and data logging are provided on vane anemometers. Thermal anemometers utilize a very thin wire (on the order of a few micrometers) or element that has been heated to a temperature higher than the ambient temperature.

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