Acting for better security of people will, therefore, lead to improving the quality (of work, product, service, etc.).
Prevention helps reduce the likelihood of the occurrence or severity of an « unintended » event and/or dysfunction such as an injury.
Risk is inherent in all human activities. In a dangerous situation, the probability of an unwanted event occurring is likely to cause damage (an accident or an illness).
These risks can result in serious accidents which could cause many victims, considerable material damage, and significant pollution of the environment.
#1 what is a work accident?
Depending on the severity of the lesions, a distinction is made:
- Non-stop accidents, minor, often without consequences and which can be treated on the spot.
- Lost-time accidents (from a few days to a few months) with injuries requiring special care.
- Accidents with permanent disability (permanent disability) corresponding to permanent and sequelae injuries, which may reduce work capacity (partial or total disability).
- Fatal accidents with immediate death or coma followed by death.
#2 Some examples of industrial accidents originating from well-known risks
- hands are driven and crushed by the moving parts of a machine tool.
- falls on the stairs.
- Breathing of toxic gases and vapors in unventilated or poorly ventilated areas.
#3 DIFFÉRENTS TYPES OF ACCIDENTS
- Fires possibly preceded or followed by explosions,
- Explosions possibly preceded or followed by fires,
- The formation and release in nature of harmful or toxic substances(vapors, fumes …)
Serious and numerous
Most often, these accidents are said to be major because they are followed by consequences
- Victims among employees and populations,
- Destruction of buildings due to fires and explosions,
- More or less serious poisonings due to the emanation of dangerous substances.
- Pollution of nature by toxic pollutants emitted.
#4 Parameters of a work accident
- Frequency Index (FI) = (Number of lost-time accidents x 1,000) / Number of employees.
- Severity rate = (Number of days stopped x 1000) / Number of hours worked
Occupational pathologies following the absorption of small quantities and for a longer or shorter period of dangerous substances to which the victim has been exposed during the exercise of his function.
Occupational diseases, for example:
- Professional deafness (exposure to high noise levels).
- Professional lead poisoning, ..
- Anemia, leukemia, contact caused by ionizing radiation (X-ray, gamma-ray, etc.).
#5 Analysis and investigation of accidents
Accident notification: any employee who has suffered an accident at work must immediately notify his immediate supervisor, or as soon as possible.
First aid: when the victim of an accident requires first aid, a certified first aid worker, present in the company, must be able to provide it.
2-Actions to take in the event of an accident:
The company must organize to be able to help in the event of an accident. All accidents must be reported to the supervisor
of the department. This will then ensure:
- Initiate emergency measures if necessary; make the premises and equipment safe (e.g. stopping the machine, protecting the area concerned, keeping the curious away).
- Secure the people involved.
- Identify the sources of evidence and proof and protect them against any modification or displacement triggering the investigation and analysis of the accident.
Which accidents to investigate?
Ideally, all accidents involving injury or damage should be investigated.
Accidents that could have caused injury or damage should also be investigated.
Who is investigating?
The immediate supervisor investigates with a worker who is a member of the health and safety committee.
Ideally, the victim is also involved in the investigation.
When to investigate?
The investigation must be carried out as soon as possible, preferably immediately after the work accident.
Responsibility of the employer
The manager of the company must receive a full report on all workplace accidents (e.g. accident report, investigation report, recommendations, follow-up). If it assesses that the information transmitted to it is incomplete, he must demand that the report be redone.
#6 The Best Ways to Prevent Workplace Accidents
When you’re growing your business, the last thing you want to deal with is a workplace accident or injury. Accidents in the workplace can lead to not only physical harm but also undue stress and hardship for employees and employers.
To prevent workplace accidents from happening, start with general awareness and understanding of the safety risks in your work environment. Then, you’ll need to pair that knowledge with an action plan for accident prevention to make sure the potential risks you’ve identified do not introduce harm to your workplace.
It is a sudden and unforeseen event, which could, under slightly different conditions, have resulted in an accident.
Dangerous circumstances: no injuries to personnel, but property damage – warnings of upcoming events.
It is an unwanted event that occurred during work that did not